InsideOutis an active wall panel that can be found within the comfort our homes, and is a visual and physical representation of the time we spend both outside and inside.
This project is heavily influenced by the principles of Biophilic Design - more specifically, the idea of using the complexity and order inherently found in nature to our advantage.
What is it?
In the current stage of development, Inside Out uses different forms of these fractal patterns to represent different information. On the wall panel, a geometric fractal grows as the user spends time indoors, and an organic, nature-inspired fractal grows as they spend time outdoors. The greener the outdoor environment is, the faster the OutFractal grows. This physical representation of time spent outside will push the user to increase the amount of time spent with nature.
How does it work?
The growth of these patterns will be accomplished by technology inspired by a combination of conductive smart wallpaper and thermo-reactive pigment. With the intent to break away from the ‘screen’, this wall panel will be integrated into already existing walls in the living space, with the patterns embedded in it. As the pattern grows, different sections are activated, and hence become visible.
The panel connects to an app on your personal device, whatever it may be 15 years from now. However, the purpose of this app is very minimal, it simply keeps track of your fractal patterns, and whether you’re inside or outdoors.
The user can personalize their InsideOut experience in various ways. By default, it starts regrowing every week - the growth week could start on any day, according what the user prefers.
The colors and patterns themselves can be altered by the user as well. The user also has an option to incorporate sound with the organic fractals, to create a more wholesome environment within the confines of their home.
EXECUTION OF FINAL PROTOTYPE
Processing and L-System Fractals
Fractals can be developed and designed with an L-System (Lindenmayer System).
It consists of symbolic alphabets, and each one has a ‘production rule’. These alphabets come together to create ‘strings’, which are expanded from an initial string, or an ‘axiom’. An example of a ‘production rule’ is: Move 1 ‘length’ forward while drawing a line. Other examples include turning angles, moving distances, changing colors, changing line-weights, etc.
I did an in depth study in L-Systems and how they can be coded using Processing.
After learning how to develop the patterns from the ‘strings’, I delved into learning how to animate and grow them, and constantly had users interact with them.
You can see some images of my process below.
The final patterns I ended up with are built by the following ’strings’.
OutFractal: Axiom = X ; X = AZFG[++EBFDX]-FX+AF[--ZFBX]+ADX-DDX ; F = AEFBDF
InFractal:Axiom = H+H+H+H+H ; H = ZCI[+IT+H-ZH]-ETH+ZI ; I = ZCITETI
These are some examples of production rules appearing in the strings above:
H = Draw a straight line with the specified length | + = Rotate the specified degree to the right
A = Change stroke color to RGB(170,18,15) | Z = Multiple current stroke weight by 0.99
These patterns overlap, and appear superimposed on the panel.
For the purpose of this prototype, I had users directly input the number of hours they spend outside on an app, which then influenced the growth of the fractals.
The current prototype of InsideOut was preceded by months of research and iteration - these are some of the initial thought maps and prototypes.
User personas I developed for whom InsideOut is targeted towards.
Initial sketch of the final form of the panel, calling out to the 5 key design considerations.
Active prototype of the final concept.
Fluid is an exploration of both fabric and porcelain slip casting techniques, ultimately taking the form of a wall fixture.
Pangea is a service that aims to foster cultural awareness and appreciation in America through food.
The cultural diversity that my partner and I share inspired us to pursue this opportunity in the market. We wanted to highlight underrepresented cultures in America by sharing their cuisines with our customers.
Over the course of the semester, we conducted extensive research and developed prototypes that led to a final business proposal.
To validate our idea, we started off with surveys and interview to gauge the interests of our potential customers. We developed a relationship with a student chef at Johnson & Wales University which helped take the idea to the next level. We also spoke to dedicated foodies and instagram food influencers.
Confident with our research, we built a series of prototypes that helped test out the customer experience.We took the necessary steps to validate our concept, and prove that it would be a sustainable and impactful venture.
While Zoë brought brand identity and user experience to the table, I focused on product development and financing. Together, we developed the complete Pangea service experience.
Pangea was founded during our Business Entrepreneurship Studio.
Our final critique was a business pitch to a panel of professionals and potential investors.
Illusion is a 3-Dimensional light installation. By altering the type, and amount of light in the space, the perceived depth differs, giving the illusion that it exists in a 2-Dimensional environment.
Black light tubes, neon thread, white thread
4'(width) x 8'(height) x 8'(depth)
Enhanceis a set of modular acoustic panels built primarily for spaces such as conference rooms; however, when further developed it will be able to work with a wide variety of surroundings. The basic function of the wooden panels is to diffract the voices in the room, and the fabric on the other side of the panel will allow the absorption of any remaining echoes.
Enhance will improve sound quality in the space, and is built with the intent of making a more comfortable environment for people who are slightly hard of hearing. The panels move up and down, and pivot around their center - this allows the acoustic environment of the room to adapt to any situation.
I presented my working concept in the form of a scale model of a conference room.
Given below are pages from the process book I created as this concept progressed.
Vibrant /\ Muted
Vibrant /\ Muted is an exploration in the duality of color, using fabric as the primary medium.
Varied Fabric Materials, MDF, Plywood
40" x 40" x 3"
This dining table chandelier is my third interpretation of 180°. Each of the five slip-casted porcelain pendants are identical in shape. With each occurrence of the pendant, its position is rotated by 45° - ultimately ending up in a 180° turn.
Porcelain Slip, Glaze, 5 electric cables + low intensity light bulbs, 0.75" MDF Board, Twine, Black iDye
3.5' x 8" x ~4'.
Given below are images of the process I went through to create the chandelier.
Inspired by Dieter Rams
In this project, I modeled and rendered both product and window displays for three popular products designed by Dieter Rams. I used Rhinoceros, a 3D CAD Modeling software to both model and render the images.
The renderings, along with their respective window displays can be seen to the right.
Brazil (for rendering)
HLD 4 Hair Dryer by Dieter Rams
Phase 2 Clock by Dieter Rams
RT 20 Radio by Dieter Rams
TipsGlobal Institute Gate Design
I was asked to design the gate for entrance to the new TipsGlobal Institute located in Coimbatore, India.
Click here to visit the TipsGlobal Institute's website and learn more about their programs.
AutoCAD, Google SketchUp
This piece uses light as a primary medium to communicate my thoughts on the tension between western culture and tradition - specifically, the traditions from my roots in Chettinad, a small village in southern India.
The patterns on the bottom half are inspired by architecture found in my ancestral home in Chettinad, while the top half represents modernity and western culture.
My first exploration in slip-casting was with these 8 partial icosahedron forms. The individual parts can come together in a variety of different shapes, including a closed ring. The interior of each piece served as another experiment with glaze and frit.
This takes you through my process in creating these forms.
Crate & Barrel Redesign
This is a redesign of a Crate & Barrel shelving unit that is used for baking products. Remaining within the constraints of location and size within the store, the final form of my proposed redesign is in a life-size 3 dimensional model.
Corrugated Cardboard, PETG, Bristol Paper
4' x 8' x 2'
This shows the modularity of the shelving system.
Soniere is a product I developed for my Design Principles I Class.
We were asked to repurpose the electrical parts of a speaker, and create our own. This is a bifunctional product - It's a Bluetooth speaker and a lamp. They can be used together, as one unit, or separately.
Aluminum, Birch Wood, Durable Handmade Paper, 1/4” Brass Tubing, 4 1/4” Steel Washers, Acrylic, 2 On/Off AC/DC Switch Push Buttons, 5V Battery Holder, 5V Battery, LED Bulb with G4 Base Side Pin, Electrical Wire
Repurposed - Speakers, Electrical Board (With Bluetooth Chip)
Given below are select pages from the book I created to explain the process I went through while creating Soniere.
This is an exploration using different glazes and frit to accomplish a cracked glass finish, ultimately ending up in a set of six bowls that I slip-casted out of porcelain.
Porcelain, Glaze, Frit
7" x 7" x 5" (one bowl)
For the Srishti School of Art, Design, and Technology Exhibit (The Srishti Collective '13), I was asked to create an installation on our campus which supported the existing branding of the event.
To divide the entry and exit space of the exhibition, i proposed the idea of building an abstract form of an hourglass, with metal.
After the idea was approved, i started working on the installation. With only two days in hand, I had a lot of help from my peers in executing the idea so that it was ready in time for the exhibition.
Sheet Aluminium, Steel Rods, Chicken Wire, Plywood, Black Enamel, Wire.
10′ (Width) X 9′ (Height) X 3′ (Depth)
I used Google Sketchup to present my idea to the coordinators of the event.
The inner steel frame of the structure was welded together, and wrapped in chicken wire.
Fuse is an idea for an app that aims to facilitate collaboration between college students in neighbouring universities. It gives users the opportunity to find others with a skill set they require to push their idea forward. This fusion of expertise is crucial to the community building aspect of Fuse.
I used the proto.io prototyping tool through which I've presented this idea.
Link is a puzzle made out of milled steel and acrylic, made for my Metals II Final.
Materials: Cold Rolled Steel, Acrylic
Dimensions: 2" x 2" (when assembled)
Final Product: The images to the right show the puzzle in both assembled and disassembled state:
I milled the base of the puzzle from a 2.2"x2" block of steel.
The project brief in this course (Living Spaces) is given below:
Use the dimensions and basic layout of the studio space given (located in Srishti, a design school in Bangalore, India) to design an apartment for a family of three. One of the three people will have a disability, and the design must be made keeping that in mind.
The hypothetical family that was given to me consisted of a couple, Sam and Joshua, and their adopted daughter Alaska. Joshua has a herniated disk, and about a year back his leg was paralyzed. The paralysis is gone, but he is still undergoing physiotherapy.
I aim to create a multifunctional and minimalistic design for this space – nothing more than the necessities, combined with a cozy and comfortable environment. At the same time, this should be a space which allows Joshua to live confidently and efficiently.
AutoCAD, Google Sketchup
This is the final plan of the space that I designed for the family.
Other plans in the technical packet can be seen below:
Google SketchUp Renderings:
These are a few of the steps I took before reaching my final design:
I developed a strong story behind the hypothetical family I was designing for, and considered their psychographic segmentation.
This matrix helped me understand what spaces could be adjacent to each other, and which ones had to be separated. I was able to then create 'public zones' and 'private zones' in the space.
I used concept boards to help guide the look and feel of each room in the apartment, similar to the one below.